Contents

Introduction
The Fourfold: On the Relationality of Things 3
1 The Technological Challenge to Things 24
§1. Machination as Representational Objectification 26
§2. World War II 33
§3. The Standing Reserve and the End of the Object 36
a. The Standing Reserve Is Available 38
b. The Standing Reserve Is Immediate 41
c. The Standing Reserve Is Orderable 45
§4. Positionality as Circulative Replacement 49
a. Circulation, Rotation, Recurrence 51
b. Replacement and Consumption 58
§5. The Atomic Bomb 63
2 Earth, Bearing and Fructifying 71
§6. Abyssal Bearing 74
§7. Fruition of the Sensible 79
§8. The Nature of the Earth 87
a. Stones (Gestein) 89
b. Waters (Gewässer) 93
c. Plants (Gewächs) 97
d. Animals (Getier) 107
3 Sky, Weathering Medium of Appearance 116
§9. The Dimension between Earth and Sky 119
a. The Between 119
b. The Dimension 121
§10. The Sky as Medium of Appearance 128
a. Weather, Storms, and Lightning 128
b. Aether 134
c. Blue 138
d. Clouds 140
§11. The Time of the Sky 145
a. “Natural” Time 145
b. The Hours of the Day 149
c. The Night, Its Stars, the Moon 155
d. The Seasons of the Year 159
4 Divinities, Hinting Messengers of Godhood 163
§12. The Hint 165
a. Etymology 165
b. The Hints of the Last God: From Representation to Belonging 166
c. The Extra-Linguistic: Hint and Gesture 171
§13. Messengers 175
a. Hermeneutics from Facticity to Understanding 176
b. A Messengerial Ontology 183
§14. Godhood 189
a. The Holy 191
b. The Hale 197
c. The God(s) 201
§15. The Meaning of the Divine 204
5 Mortals, Being-in-Death 211
§16. The Metaphysical Completion of the Animal Rationale 213
a. The Worker (Jünger) 216
b. The Angel (Rilke) 217
c. The Übermensch (Nietzsche) 220
§17. The Ability, the Capacity, to Die 223
a. Being-toward-Death 224
b. Being-in-Death 227
§18. The Shrine of the Nothing, the Refuge of Being 231
a. The Shrine of the Nothing 232
b. The Refuge of Being 235
c. The Secret of Being 237
§19. Language and Mortality 241
§20. Dwelling in Death, Residing amidst Things 249
6 The Slight and Abiding Thing 259
§21. Mirror-Play and Speculation (Hegel) 263
§22. The Slightness of Things 270
a. The Round Dance 270
b. The Slight (das Geringe) 274
§23. The Thing Abides 278
a. The While of the Festival (Hölderlin) 280
b. Abiding Each Time Together (Anaximander) 286
c. Abiding, Appropriating, Essencing 296
§24. Thing as Gesture of World 298
a. Gesture and Granting 299
b. Differentiation and In-finitude 303
Conclusion: There Have Never Been Things 307