Phänomenologische Interpretationen zu Aristoteles: Anzeige der hermeneutischen Situation

Phenomenological Interpretations in Connection with Aristotle: An Indication of the Hermeneutical Situation

Heidegger wrote this famous text as a private communication to Paul Natorp, in connection with his possible appointment as a professor at the University of Marburg. In it, he founds and develops the hermeneutic situation in which Aristotle’s texts are to be interpreted.

The first part is a kind of research report summarizing his work of the previous three years. Heidegger also breaks new ground and finds a solution to the problem of fusing the historical with the systematic approach in phenomenology. He outlines a double-pronged program of a fundamental ontology and a destruction of the history of ontology. The averageness of the public “they” and fallenness are juxtaposed with the possibility of a more original seizure of my own death, in order to define an ontological way of access to the temporality and historicality of human being-there. Heidegger designates existence as the counter-movement against falling. Here, existence has the meaning of life’s most unique and ownmost possibility.

In the second part, Heidegger discusses the problem of an original retrieval of Greek philosophy, as rooted in ἀλήθεια, λόγος, and φύσις. He also gives an interpretation of Nicomachean Ethics VI that centers on the different ways in which the soul becomes true (wahrnimmt). Φρόνησις is the interpretative insight into a concrete situation of action, coupled with resolute decision and truth as the counter-movement to concealment.