174 I. 5
Being and Time

ontico-existentiell sense, Dasein for the most part evades the Being which is disclosed in the mood. In an ontologico-existential sense, this means that even in that to which such a mood pays no attention, Dasein is unveiled in its Being-delivered-over to the "there". In the evasion itself the "there" is something disclosed.

This characteristic of Dasein's Being-this 'that it is'-is veiled in its "whence" and "whither", yet disclosed in itself all the more unveiledly; we call it the "thrownness"1 of this entity into its "there''; indeed, it is thrown in such a way that, as Being-in-the-world, it is the "there". The expression "thrownness" is meant to suggest the facticity of its being delivered over .2 The 'that it is and has to be' which is disclosed in Dasein's state-of-mind is not the same 'that-it-is' which expresses ontologico-categorially the factuality belonging to presence-at-hand. This factuality becomes accessible only if we ascertain it by looking at it. The "that-it-is" which is disclosed in Dasein's state-of-mind must rather be conceived as an existential attribute of the entity which has Being-in-the-world as its way of Being. Facticity is not the factuality of the factum brutum of something present-at-hand, but a characteristic of Dasein's Being—one which has been taken up into existence, even if proximally it has been thrust aside . The "that-it-is" of facticity never becomes something that we can come across by beholding it.

An entity of the character of Dasein is its "there" in such a way that, whether explicitly or not, it finds itself [sich befindet] in its thrownness. In a state-of-mind Dasein is always brought before itself, and has always found itself, not in the sense of coming across itself by perceiving itself, but in the sense of finding itself in the mood that it has.3 As an entity which has been delivered over to its Being, it remains also delivered over to the fact that it must always have found itself-but found itself in a way of finding which arises not so much from a direct seeking as rather from a fleeing. The way in which the mood discloses is not one in which we look at thrownness, but one in which we turn towards or turn away [An- und Abkehr]. For the most part the mood does not turn towards the burdensome character of Dasein which is manifest in it, and least of all does it do so in the mood of elation when this burden has been alleviated. It is always by way of a state-of-mind that this turning-away is what it is.


1 'Geworfenheit'. This important term, which Heidegger introduces here, is further discussed in Section 38.

2 'Der Ausdruck Geworfenheit soil die Faktizität der Überantwortung andeuten.' On the distinction between 'facticity' and 'factuality', see H. 56 above.

3 In this sentence there is a contrast between 'wahrnehmendes Sich-vorfinden' ('coming across itself by perceiving') and 'gestimmtes Sichbefinden' ('finding itself in the mood that it has'). In the next sentence, on the other hand, 'found' and 'finding' represent 'gefunden' and 'Finden'.


Being and Time (M&R) by Martin Heidegger