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I. Prospect [38-39]

persons be allowed their own opinion. Arbitrariness, however, is slavery to the "accidental."

Yet the matter that is most properly at issue in philosophy has been forgotten, misinterpreted through "epistemology"; and "ontology," even where it is still understood (Lotze), remains one discipline among others. That, and how, the old guiding question (τί τὸ ὄν; ["What are beings?"]) is saved and yet transformed throughout modern philosophy will not come to clear knowledge, because philosophy has already become unnecessary and owes its "cultivation" entirely to its character as a "cultural asset."

"Worldview," just like the dominance of "worldpictures," is an outgrowth of the modern era, a consequence of modern metaphysics. That is why a "worldview" then seeks to set itself above philosophy. For with the rise of "worldviews" there disappears the possibility of a willing of philosophy, so much so that the worldview must ultimately resist philosophy. That succeeds all the more readily the more philosophy itself, meanwhile, had to sink down to the level of mere erudition. This curious appearance of the dominance of "worldviews" sought—and indeed not accidentally—to make serviceable to itself even the last great philosophy, Nietzsche's philosophy. That happened all the more easily because Nietzsche himself disavowed philosophy as "erudition" and thereby apparently sided with "worldview" (as the "poet-philosopher"!).

"Worldviews" always amount to "machination" against the tradition and are aimed at overcoming and mastering it with the means which are their own and which they have prepared but not carried out to the end: to reduce everything to "lived experience."

As the grounding of the truth of beyng, philosophy has its origin in this truth; it must retract itself into that which it grounds and build itself up exclusively from there.

Philosophy and worldview are so incommensurable that no image could possibly depict the distinction between them. Every image would necessarily bring them too close together.

The covert yet obsolete "domination" of the churches, the over-familiarity and accessibility of "worldviews" for the masses (worldviews that substitute for the long-missing "spirit" and for the relation to "ideas"), the indifferent pursuit of philosophy as erudition, and at the same time the mediate and immediate pursuit of philosophy as the scholastic quibbling of churches and worldviews—all this will for a long time keep at bay philosophy as the creative co-grounding of Dasein in opposition to the current and adaptable omniscience of public opinion. This situation is admittedly nothing to "regret" but is only a sign that philosophy is proceeding toward the genuine destiny of its


Contributions to Philosophy (of the Event) (GA 65) by Martin Heidegger