§110 [213-214]


Hegel's concept of the idea;

and the first possibility of a philosophical history of philosophy from its first end

In this concept, all essential determinations of the history of the idea are contained and originarily brought to completion:

1. idea as appearing

2. idea as the determination of the knowable (the actual) as such

3. idea as the universality of the "concept"

4. idea represented in the representing, thinking of the "absolute"; Philo, Augustine

5. idea the cognized in the cogito me cogitare (self-consciousness) (Descartes)

6. idea as perceptio, the representing that develops in phases unitarily with willing; perceptio and appetitus (Leibniz)

7. idea as the unconditioned and the "principle" of rationality (Kant)

8. All these determinations are originarily unified in the essence of self-mediating absolute knowledge which knows itself as the completion not only of every form of consciousness but even of all previous philosophy.

9. From a philosophical point of view, what comes after Hegel is entirely deterioration and a relapse into positivism and life-philosophy or scholastic ontology, and from a scientific point of view it is the diffusion and rectification of many cognitions regarding the idea and its history. Even in this learned consideration, however, Hegelian points of view are still always operative, although they are often scarcely recognizable and are unable to make explicit their power to influence metaphysics. It is from these obscure sources that contemporary "philosophy" draws its "concepts" of "idea" (cf. The grounding, 193. Da-sein and the human being, esp. p. 248f.).

10. Since, with this founding of the "idea" as the actuality of the actual, Hegel gathered the entire earlier (even pre-Platonic) history of philosophy into an affiliation, and since he conceived of such knowledge in its phases and their sequence as absolute self-knowledge, he thus came into possession of a necessity arising out of the essence of beingness (idea), a necessity according to which the phases of the history of the ideas had to form themselves into those phases.

In other words, Hegel's history of philosophy, seen in terms of his way of questioning, was the first philosophical history of philosophy,

Contributions to Philosophy (of the Event) (GA 65) by Martin Heidegger