Part II

moire.22 It is a basic text for modern biology, and it contains insights that are far from exhausted yet. Today it is Scheler, above all, who is strongly influenced by it. Let this stand as a preface to our historical orientation. Since current opinion takes it as obvious that Bergson has discovered a new concept of time, we should discuss it critically and at length.

We will now take up a historical approach to the concept of time with the intention of concretely appropriating the temporal characteristics of time as the tradition experienced them.23 At the same time we will demonstrate the predominance of a specific interpretation of time. We proceed to a further explanation of the historical development of the understanding of time and to an exposition of the concept of time, going backwards in history. Our investigation is intentionally oriented to a similar investigation that we have already conducted, namely, into the history of the concept of intuition.24 There is an inner connection between the phenomenon of intuition, the predominance of the truth of intuition, and the specific form of the dominant understanding of time, viz., as now-time. We begin our treatment, which aims at getting a better grip on the ordinary understanding of time, with an analysis of time in Hegel.

§20. Hegel’s interpretation of time in the Encyclopaedia25

Hegel treats time thematically in his Encyclopaedia of the Philosophical Sciences, part II, The Philosophy of Nature.26

22.[Henri Bergson, Matière et mémoire. Essai sur la relation du corps à l’esprit(Paris: F. Alcan, 1896); translated by Nancy Margaret Paul and W. Scott Palmer as Matter and Memory (New York: Zone Books, 1988).]

23. [Here the Moser transcript (p. 531) clarifies GA 21 (p. 251).]24. [Heidegger may be referring to his course of Summer Semester 1920, “Phänomenologie der Anschauung und des Ausdrucks,” which has been published as GA 59, Phänomenologie der Anschauung und des Ausdrucks. Theorie der philosophischen Begriffsbildung, ed. Claudius Strube (Frankfurt am Main: Vittorio Klosterman, 1993).]

25. [Heidegger was to make use of this section of the lecture-course in writing §82 of Being and Time; cf. SZ, pp. 566ff. / tr. 481ff.]

26. [The edition that Heidegger uses is Hegel, Encyklopädie der philosophischen Wissenschaften im Grundrisse (1830), ed. Gerardus J. P. J. Bolland (Leiden: A. H. Adriani, 1906), which contains the Zusätze (Addenda). A newer edition, also with the Zusätze, is Encyklopädie der philosophischen Wissenschaften im Grundrisse (1830), ed. Eva Moldenhauer and Karl Markus Michel (Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 1970). See also Hegel’s Philosophy of Nature, ed. and trans. M. J. Petry (London: George Allen & Unwin / New York: Humanities Press, 1970), with Zusätze; and Hegel’s Philosophy of Nature, trans. A. V. Miller (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1970), without Zusätze. I use and amend both translations.]

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