FREEDOM TO FAIL: HEIDEGGER’S ANARCHY


an open realm, in which this or that is enacted, lived.

The distinction between these two conceptions of freedom is well known: in the first case we are dealing with a positive understanding of freedom, as the freedom for . . . (freedom for good and/or evil); in the second it is a matter of the negative concept as the freedom from . . . (freedom from constraints). I would like to distinguish them according to another criterion: the first freedom is the freedom for a principle, is principled freedom; the second is freedom from the principle, is an-archic freedom.36

Principled freedom organizes our economy of guilt and forgiveness with normative claims. What must I bear? What can I refuse to tolerate? Frequently also: When may I punish, when must I myself be punished? Such questions hinge on the law that is known, that is supposed to come into being before we become familiar with the rights of institutions.

An-archic freedom is an-archy, the inception of a freedom that is nothing besides itself: an “abyss of freedom,”37 a freedom of the unanticipatable inception. An inception is always an appropriative event, a rupture, an upheaval. It


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Freedom To Fail : Heidegger’s Anarchy by Peter Trawny