Franco Volpi - Heidegger and Aristotle

Translated by Pete Ferreira



The determination of being-there as unveiling (ψῡχή ὡς ἀληθεύειν) has in turn its basis in determining the entity itself as truth in the sense of being-discovered (ὂν ὡς ἀληθές). In effect, the attitude of discovery of being-there is based on the fact that the entity itself can be discovered and unveiled, namely the fact that it has the character of manifestness and as such is accessible to being-there. That is: only if the truth in the sense of being-unveiled is a character of the entity itself and if this latter is then accessible to being-there, being-there can relate to the entity in the attitude of the discovering.

Now, with this ontological determination of truth as character of the entity itself, Heidegger intends to restore the original meaning of the Aristotelian understanding of ὂν ὡς ἀληθές, as it is formulated especially in Metaphysics IX, 10. For Heidegger, the tenth chapter of book IX of Metaphysics represents a condensed point in Aristotelian ontology, at which "we must develop the problem of truth historically, both backward to Parmenides and forward to the Stoics, Boethius, the Middle Ages, Descartes, and modern philosophy right up to Hegel."19

Polemicizing with the interpretations of the problem of truth in Aristotle dates from Schwegler, Jaeger and Ross, and ironizing on the contradictions on which their aurea mediocritas would end up snaring them, Heidegger reevaluates the most sensible interpretations to the philosophical problems such as those of Thomas Aquinas, Suarez and Bonitz. With these and against those, he highlights how in the tenth chapter of book IX of Metaphysics an essential connection between the problem of being and the problem of truth is thought through and, in addition, how in this context comes to light, in the Greek determination of knowing, the originariness and the fundamentality of intuition20. Heidegger's intention is to show how "being first attains its full and proper determination by being characterized in terms of the ἀληθές" and "to what extent the pinnacle of the investigation of being is thereby reached."21

19 GA 21, p. 171 [Logic: The Question of Truth, 143.]. The interpretation of the Metaphysics IX, 10 is extensively resurgence during summer semester 1930 (see GA 31, § 9, 66-109).

20 Ibid. [Ibid.]

21 Ibid, 179. [Ibid., 151.]

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